When most people think of the dangers firefighters face, they probably think of being burned in a fire or dying from serious smoke inhalation. While these are risks firefighters face on a daily basis, there is a hidden danger to their health lurking in the fire’s flames—asbestos. Sadly, exposure to asbestos in fires is a very real hazard for firefighters and the result is that they can develop cancers and other debilitating diseases that are often fatal.
Where Asbestos Is Found
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was used widely due to its flame retardant and insulation properties until the late 1980s. At that time, it was phased out, but not banned. Even with this phase-out, millions of pounds of asbestos are still used annually in the United States. Common building materials that contained asbestos include:
- Joint compound
- Plaster, mud, and texture coats used on walls
- Vinyl floor tiles
- Popcorn-type ceilings
It is also found in some products that are being manufactured now, such as roofing felt, vinyl floor tiles, cement shingles and pipes, roof coating materials, and corrugated sheet.
How Are Firefighters Exposed to Asbestos?
When firefighters must work in older buildings built before the 1980s, they are most at danger of asbestos exposure. When asbestos burns, it can easily break apart and become airborne. Firefighters can inhale large quantities of fibers or dust without even realizing it. The most dangerous part of firefighting can be once the fire has been controlled and the firefighters are searching for hotspots. This is because they often take off their protective gear and expose themselves to hazards.
How Does Asbestos Exposure Jeopardize Firefighters’ Health?
Most firefighters will have no idea of the dangers they face because the harm caused by asbestos exposure may not develop until between 10 and 50 years from their first exposure. They may not even link their illnesses to their job. However, the damage caused by asbestos exposure is life-altering and often fatal. Firefighters could develop these diseases:
- Asbestosis. This is a progressive, non-cancerous disease caused when asbestos fibers irritate and scar the lung tissue. It causes difficulties in breathing and circulating the blood throughout the body, causing severe limitations in the person’s day-to-day life. Currently, there is no cure or effective treatment for this disease.
- Lung cancer. This is the most common cause of death for workers exposed to asbestos. It is can result in debilitating changes to a firefighter’s life from both the disease’s progression and the treatments—if he does not die.
- Mesothelioma. This is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that attacks the lining of cells covering the lungs, chest, abdomen, and heart. It is often not caught until the disease has progressed, and it is often fatal.
The Risk of Secondhand Asbestos Exposure
Firefighters may not realize that their families are also in danger of developing these deadly diseases. Family members can be exposed to secondhand asbestos exposure when firefighters bring the small fibers home on their clothing and skin. To protect their families, firefighters should always clean up and change into fresh clothing before going home if there is any risk that they were exposed to asbestos.
How Our Firm Can Help You Obtain the Workers’ Compensation Benefits You Need
Unfortunately, there is no law in New Jersey—unlike other states—that assumes that exposure to certain toxic substances like asbestos cause cancer. This means that you will most likely have to fight to prove your illness was caused by your job as a firefighter. That is why you need an experienced workers’ compensation attorney on your side. If you developed one of these illnesses from asbestos exposure or another injury on the job, call us toll free at 877-360-0183 to schedule a free consultation.